Quotations from every chapter of The Ignorant Schoolmaster (which perhaps make up a descent summary of the whole book)

From Chapter 1:

“Until then, he had believed what all conscientious professor believe: that the important business of the master is to transmit his knowledge to his students so as to bring them, by degrees, to his own level of expertise.” p2-3

“And yet that logic is not without certain obscurities. Consider, for example, a book in the hands of a student. The book is made up of a series of reasonings designed to make a student understand some material. But now the schoolmaster opens his mouth to explain the book. He makes a series of reasonings in order to explain the series of reasonings that constitute the book. But why should the book need such help?” p4

“His mastery lay in the command that had enclosed the students in a closed circle from which they alone could break out. By leaving his intelligence out of the picture, he had allowed their intelligence to grapple with that of the book.”

“… The two faculties in play during the act of learning, namely intelligence and will, had therefore also been separated, liberated from each other. A pure relationship of will to will had been established between master and student: a relationship wherein the master’s domination resulted in an entirely liberated relationship between the intelligence of the student and that of the book — the intelligence of the book that was also the common link between master and student.” p13

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“Whether by mine own voice or by the voice of my servants, it is the same.”

I was thinking about these words the other day from D&C 1:

37 Search these commandments, for they are true and faithful, and the prophecies and promises which are in them shall all be fulfilled.

38 What I the Lord have spoken, I have spoken, and I excuse not myself; and though the heavens and the earth pass away, my word shall not pass away, but shall all be fulfilled, whether by mine own voice or by the voice of my servants, it is the same.”

And I think I have a new interpretation (new to me, I’ve realized others have thought of this before). I think that often we read this as that scripture can come about by God’s voice or by His servants’ voices. But as I read these two verses in a row, I decided that I think it means something slightly different.

I think that verse 37 and on into 38 are establishing the unchanging nature of scripture and God’s promises in them. Search the scriptures, learn what’s there, and trust it will be fulfilled! Now, the line “whether by mine own voice or by the voice of my servants” comes after this is established, I think. I think it is saying that this is how those scriptures are fulfilled. That is, scripture “shall all be fulfilled, whether by mine own voice or by the voice of my servants.”

The message is not necessarily to look to inspired men for more scripture (though that can happen to). But the message here is to be open to how God is going to fulfill scripture. We trust that God has promised certain things. Now, we need to be open and let God answer those things as He pleases.

Deep Sleep

I have been reading 2 Nephi 27 this week. I noticed something in verse 5 that I hadn’t caught before: so, God pours on the people deep sleep, “for” they have closed their eyes and rejected the prophets.

I think there’s a lot to think about there. Isaiah is told to preach in such a way that the people won’t understand and repent. But, I think that comes after decisions that the people have made. They have look beyond the mark, wanted things they couldn’t understand, etc. God tried plainness and they closed their eyes. So, if they’re going to sleep, God’s going to make them sleep deeply.

Is that actually a merciful thing? If they are only half-sleeping, knowing what’s going on but keeping their eyes closed, then they are knowingly rejecting what’s in front of them. But, if they are sound asleep, then they would be less responsible for understanding what is going on around them. Is this deeper sleep, or Isaiah’s preaching, a way of saving them from further condemnation?

I think of the Lamanites in this way, too. Laman and Lemuel could see what they were rejecting; they closed their eyes and pretended to be asleep. But their children didn’t have that same sort of chance. They were taught to ignore. It was sad and horrible that so many generations passed by without contact with God, but, it did mean that all those generations were not held responsible for what they didn’t know. It was as if a deep sleep passed on Laman and Lemuel’s kids, so that they were not responsible for the closed eyes of their parents.

At least, that is how I am inclined to read those situations.

Sustaining vote?

As often happens, I have some thoughts I want to share on a blog or on facebook but I haven’t taken the time to write them up well enough to be read by others! So here is a thought on sustaining/opposing votes:

Another idea: what if it works like a council? As I understand the way Elder Ballard describes councils, the president is like the brain and the members are like the parts of the body, which all send signals up to the brain. The brain directs, but it is absolutely necessary for body to give complete and urgent information to the brain so that the brain can make good decisions. For things to work in the best possible way in a council, the members should share everything that is important or urgent to the situation. Perhaps the moment of a sustaining vote is a moment where the council widens from just ward council to including the whole ward as a council, or from the meetings among the general authorities to the Church as a whole? For just a moment, everyone is included in the council and asked the question: is there anything important or urgent that you think likely hasn’t be considered yet? (The opposing vote isn’t really a veto, since it doesn’t automatically bar the person from receiving a calling. Rather, the opposing person is allowed a chance to share information, which is then considered by the president or bishop or whoever is in charge of the decision.) Maybe?

Mysteries of the kingdom are a key to the mysteries of the kingdom?

Jenny has been doing some very sophisticated work on the Dews From Heaven blog, and I am trying to catch up to her thinking a little at a time! So once again I’m going to use my personal blogging space here to work out my thoughts before I post them there. :)


Okay, I think I’ve got it, but tell me if I don’t! :) I think what I see happening here is best visualized by a veil. Let’s say, for example, that the mysteries of the kingdom are on one side of the veil and we are on the other. God wants heaven and earth to come together, so we aren’t just going to leave the mysteries on one side and humans on the other. God brings some of the mysteries across the veil and if the humans will receive that, then they can come to receive more. By “some” here, I’m not thinking of this in a quantitative sense, but in a <i>qualitative</i> sense. I’m thinking of phrases like “first intimations” and “earnest of our inheritance.” It’s as if we receive a first layer of understanding. Then if we receive it in full faith, we can seek more. In this way, the mysteries constitute a key that allows us to seek more of the mysteries.

In D&C 128, I think Joseph is pointing out that we have a key to a mystery already. We can record priesthood ordinances. That seems like a simple thing, but he is telling us that we are not receiving that in the right way. When we come to see recording in relation to heavenly things, then it begins to serve as a key to a bigger understanding of what it means to record, bind, seal, etc.

So it isn’t that a key looks very different than the thing it unlocks. It isn’t a metal key to the Tardis, as Joe put it. :) It’s more like a condensed form or something like that. It’s given to us in a way that we can work with it by faith and prayer and then it opens up onto more mysteries. It expands, rather than unlocks?

So in the case of D&C 84:19, the idea might be that we can’t comprehend what the mysteries of the kingdom might be, so God adds the second part “even the key to the knowledge of God.” That very phrase is like a key that opens our understanding to what the mysteries in a general or bigger sense are. Is that at all what you’ve been getting at Jenny??

Trying to riddle out D&C 84:19 a bit…

From looking at “godliness” elsewhere in scripture, and also the 1828 Websters, I think the general definition is “being like God” or usually “acting like God.” Being patient, having charity, doing good, and so forth. It is part of that familiar list: “Remember faith, virtue, knowledge, temperance, patience, brotherly kindness, godliness, charity, humility, diligence” (D&C 4:6).

So what does it mean to say that there is a power to being godly, and why does that need to be manifest? Why isn’t it more obvious? And why can it only be manifest through the ordinances and the priesthood?

Is it that the true nature of God is a mystery that the priesthood reveals, so “being like God” is something we can only understand after we know more about God?

D&C 110 and keys

11 After this vision closed, the heavens were againopened unto us; and Moses appeared before us, and committed unto us the keys of the gathering of Israel from the four parts of the earth, and the leading of the ten tribes from the land of the north.

Jenny, Candice, Kim, and I are currently studying “keys” in our D&C 84 project. I’m thinking about keys lately as specific assignments. If you do a search for “key” and look through the many references, you’ll see that there are at least a dozen – maybe two dozen – different, named keys. “Key of the bottomless pit” was one that surprised me. Also “key of the house of David.” And one I’ve seen before but I always really enjoy: Moroni has the “keys of the record of the stick of Ephriam.”

So tonight I decided to look at section 110, where several angels appear to give Joseph Smith keys. Here’s what stood out to me tonight:

11 After this vision closed, the heavens were again opened unto us; and Moses appeared before us, and committed unto us the keys of the gathering of Israel from the four parts of the earth, and the leading of the ten tribes from the land of the north.

I don’t think I realized before how cool this really is. I think before I had seen it as Moses opening up the way for modern day saints to get to work. Something like, Moses comes and uses the key to open the door. But rather, the keys are given to Joseph (and Oliver?). It’s now his assignment. And also he is in charge of opening and closing that work. Or so it seems! That’s very different than how I had read it before.

12 After this, Elias appeared, and committed the dispensation of the gospel of Abraham, saying that in us and our seed all generations after us should be blessed.

Whoa! Notice that Elias doesn’t give Joseph any keys. He “committed” something. What does that mean? A commission? And how do you commit a dispensation? And further, why is this the gospel of Abraham? First of all, there is more than one gospel? Second, why isn’t this the covenant of Abraham? (The Abrahamic Covenant?). Should I be hearing the word gospel in the sense of “good news” — the good news of Abraham is that all families will be blessed?

And finally, in Joseph and Oliver, and their seed, all the generations after them will be blessed. Fascinating! They begin the next watershed of Abrahamic blessings.

13 After this vision had closed, another great and glorious vision burst upon us; for Elijah the prophet, who was taken to heaven without tasting death, stood before us, and said:

14 Behold, the time has fully come, which was spoken of by the mouth of Malachi (—testifying that he [Elijah] should be sent, before the great and dreadful day of the Lord come—

 15 To turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the children to the fathers, lest the whole earth be smitten with a curse—)

16 Therefore, the keys of this dispensation are committed into your hands; and by this ye may know that the great and dreadful day of the Lord is near, even at the doors.

I added the italics and parenthesis to try to figure out what Elijah actually said. But I think with the “your” and “ye” in verse 16, and the “he” in the end of verse 14, that my reading is not a bad one.

Elijah does come to give a key. But what key? The keys of this dispensation. What does that mean? First I think I just say “Everything else they needed for this latter day dispensation.” But since tonight I’m reading more carefully for talk about keys, I have a different idea.

What if Elias shows up and commits the dispensation of the gospel of Abraham to them, and then Elijah comes and gives them the keys of that very dispensation so that they can do what they were committed to doing? Elijah uses the word “dispensation” just like Elias did, and if you read this as a play-by-play then as soon as Elias leaves, Elijah shows up and talks about “this dispensation.” I think rather than hearing that word as a term for a time period, I think we ought to think about what is going on in this section. I assume that we only use that word as a term for a time period because it is a time in which the gospel is dispensed. But if that’s the case, the time term is a later usage derived from the more literal or originary use of dispense. So I think it might be a really, really good reading here to see Elijah as talking about the same thing that Elias was talking about.

If that’s the case, then what I see here is that Elias comes and says that they are going to be the next step in the Abrahamic Covenant, meaning that their families are going to bless all the families after them. How is that to be accomplished? Well Elijah shows up and says it’s time to focus the fathers on the children (just what Elias committed to them) but also the children to the fathers. What are the keys of the dispensation of the gospel of Abraham? I don’t know! :) Surely, it seems, they must include the sealing ordinances of the temple, and also baptism for the dead. But I imagine a lot more, too.

Anyway, as far as keys go, I think I want to say that Moses gave him one key, and Elias and Elijah together gave him another set of keys. That’s pretty cool.


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