Keys of the ministering of angels


Here are all 5 references to Aaronic priesthood and angels in the scriptures (if the lds.org search I did was thorough enough).

My research question is this:

Do the words “keys of the ministering of angels” mean something like the Aaronic priesthood has power to receive ministering spirits/ministering angels?

(such as the gift of the spirit Moroni mentions in Moroni 10:14 “the beholding of angels and ministering spirits”)

Or, do the words “keys of the ministering of angels” mean something like the Aaronic priesthood has the power to authorize or invite angels to minister to others?

(such as when Alma prays for his son, and an angel comes in Mosiah 27:14 “therefore, for this purpose have I come to convince thee of the power and authority of God, that the prayers of his servants might be answered according to their faith.”)

This latter interpretation might follow along with what Elder Oaks said in the 2018 General Conference (and elsewhere):

“The keys of the priesthood are the powers to direct the exercise of priesthood authority.”

With those thoughts in mind, here are the 5 verses:

Doctrine and Covenants 13:1
1 Upon you my fellow servants, in the name of Messiah I confer the Priesthood of Aaron, which holds the keys of the ministering of angels, and of the gospel of repentance, and of baptism by immersion for the remission of sins; and this shall never be taken again from the earth, until the sons of Levi do offer again an offering unto the Lord in righteousness.

Doctrine and Covenants 84:26
26 And the lesser priesthood continued, which priesthood holdeth the key of the ministering of angels and the preparatory gospel;

Doctrine and Covenants 107:20
20 The power and authority of the lesser, or Aaronic Priesthood, is to hold the keys of the ministering of angels, and to administer in outward ordinances, the letter of the gospel, the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins, agreeable to the covenants and commandments.

Doctrine and Covenants 129:1,9
1 There are two kinds of beings in heaven, namely: Angels, who are resurrected personages, having bodies of flesh and bones—

9 These are three grand keys whereby you may know whether any administration is from God.

Joseph Smith—History 1:69
69 Upon you my fellow servants, in the name of Messiah, I confer the Priesthood of Aaron, which holds the keys of the ministering of angels, and of the gospel of repentance, and of baptism by immersion for the remission of sins; and this shall never be taken again from the earth until the sons of Levi do offer again an offering unto the Lord in righteousness.

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